Hilbert transform in frequency domain
-It is a peculiar sort of filter that changes the phase of the spectral components depending on the sign of their frequency.
-It only effects the phase of the signal. It has no effect on the amplitude at all.For any signal g(t), its Hilbert Transform has the following property:
Hilbert transform in time domain
In time domain the Hilbert transform of a function is its convolution with . The choice of the function is because the Fourier transform of the function gives:
-The signal and its Hilbert Transform are orthogonal. This is because by rotating the signal 90° we have now made it orthogonal to the original signal, that being the definition of orthogonality.
-The signal and its Hilbert Transform have identical energy because phase shift do not change the energy of the signal only amplitude changes can do that.